Calculate Terminal Value for Discounted Cash Flow Analysis

By Stock Research Pro • November 1st, 2009

Terminal Value refers to the present value of a security at some future point in time. To calculate terminal value, the investor takes the principal amount and applies an interest rate and length of time for the investment. The terminal value is a useful component in other financial valuations, including discounted cash flow analysis. As it gets harder to predict cash flows the further out you look into the future, terminal value can be used to create an assumption about long-term cash flow for valuation purposes.

About Discounted Cash Flow Analysis

Discounted Cash Flow analysis (DCF) is a process for determining the worthiness of an investment opportunity (e.g. a stock) by totaling the future value of cash flows from the investment and discounted that total to a present value. When evaluating a stock for investment, the company’s free cash flow (FCF) projections are often used for this analysis. As a tool, discounted cash flow can be extremely useful as it provides a structured method for evaluating a company based on performance projections. If the “intrinsic” stock value arrived at through discounted cash flow analysis is greater than the current market price, the stock may present a good investment opportunity.

Calculate Terminal Value

The formula for terminal value can be written as:

Terminal Value = p * (1 + r)^t


p = principal value
r = interest rate
t = length of time


The above information is educational and should not be interpreted as financial advice. For advice that is specific to your circumstances, you should consult a financial or tax advisor.

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